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Use of Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) and Zinc - Pawri
Use of Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) and Zinc — in Pawri
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HealthPhone: Use of Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) and Zinc — Pawri

PawriPawri - Maharashtra, India

Diarrhoea usually cures itself in three to four days with rehydration (drinking a lot of liquids). The real danger is the loss of liquid and nutrients from the child's body, which can cause dehydration and malnutrition.

Deaths can be prevented by a simple and inexpensive public health solution - oral rehydration salts therapy (ORS) in combination with zinc formulated as dispersible tablets.

Children with diarrhoea should be given lots of fluids and foods to help reduce the severity of the illness.

The best treatment for diarrhoea is to (1) drink lots of liquids and oral rehydration salts (ORS), properly mixed with clean water from a safe source, and (2) take zinc tablets or syrup daily for 10–14 days.

Diarrhoea medicines are generally ineffective and can be harmful. A child with diarrhoea should never be given any tablets, antibiotics or other medicines unless prescribed by a trained health worker.

Diarrhoea is caused by germs that are swallowed, especially germs from faeces. This happens most often where there is unsafe disposal of faeces, poor hygiene practices, lack of clean drinking water, or when infants are not breastfed.

Infants who are exclusively breastfed in their first six months and who receive all their immunizations on time are less likely to get diarrhoea.

Studies show that zinc supplementation results in a 25% reduction in duration of acute diarrhoea and a 40% reduction in treatment failure or death in persistent diarrhoea. These studies also revealed that children receiving zinc simultaneously experience a decrease in the severity of their diarrhoea episodes. A 10-14 day course has proven to provide protection against future bouts of diarrhoea for up to 2-3 months.

Following the implementation of zinc and ORS in combination, use has been monitored and research conducted to reveal user challenges. These include confusion of treatment guidelines for the different age groups, incorrect use of ORS and non-completion of the 10-14 day course of zinc.

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Produced by: UNICEF India, HealthPhone™
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HealthPhone: Use of Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) and Zinc — Pawri

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24 June, 2014


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